SHANGHAI — Beijing is unlikely to approve an “unfair” deal Oracle and Walmart said they have struck with ByteDance over the future of its video-streaming app TikTok, state-backed newspaper Global Times said in an editorial.
The U.S. companies have said they will buy into a new, mainly U.S.-owned company, TikTok Global, with a board of directors comprised mainly of Americans, as the parties work to pacify the Trump administration, which had planned to ban TikTok in the United States on security grounds.
In contrast, ByteDance has said TikTok Global will be its U.S. subsidiary with 80 percent ownership.
“It is clear that these articles (terms) extensively show Washington’s bullying style and hooligan logic. They hurt China’s national security, interests and dignity,” said the English version of the editorial published late on Monday and which was also carried in the newspaper’s Chinese edition.
“From the information provided by the U.S., the deal was unfair. It caters to the unreasonable demands of Washington. It’s hard for us to believe that Beijing will approve such an agreement,” the editorial read, echoing tweets the same evening by the newspaper’s editor-in-chief, Hu Xijin.
The Global Times is a tabloid published by the People’s Daily, the official newspaper of China’s ruling Communist Party, but does not speak on behalf of the party and government unlike its parent publication.
China’s government has largely refrained from directly commenting on the deal’s details, though its foreign ministry has repeatedly said the United States should offer a fair and non-discriminatory environment for foreign companies.
The deal requires approval from regulators in both Beijing and Washington, ByteDance has said. China’s Ministry of Commerce in late August revised a tech export control list that experts said would give it regulatory oversight over any TikTok deal.
ByteDance and the commerce ministry did not immediately respond to Reuters’ requests for comment on Tuesday.
However, the sides have framed the deal differently in public statements.
Whereas ByteDance said it will majority-own TikTok Global, Oracle and Walmart together said ByteDance’s ownership would be distributed to its investors — many of which are U.S.-based — and that ByteDance itself would have no direct stake. They also said four of TikTok Global’s five-member board would be American.
The unidentified author of the Global Times editorial objected to there being only one board seat reserved for a Chinese national, as well as the stipulated inclusion on the board of a U.S-approved “national security director.”
It also denounced the need for a ByteDance to reveal source code to Oracle as part of the latter’s role of “trusted technology partner” and criticized the likelihood of TikTok Global blocking Chinese access to its app.
TikTok has never been available in China. It has said it has over 100 million monthly active U.S. users, compared with 600 million daily users at mainland equivalent Douyin.
“As TikTok and Douyin should have the same source code, this means the U.S. can get to know the operations of Douyin,” the editorial continued.
“If the reorganization of TikTok under U.S. manipulation becomes a model, it means once any successful Chinese company expands its business to the U.S. and becomes competitive, it will be targeted by the U.S. and turned into a U.S.-controlled company via trickery and coercion, which eventually serves only U.S. interests,” the author wrote.
Beijing-based ByteDance itself currently has only two Chinese nationals on its five-member board, with the other three foreigners running U.S.-based companies.
ByteDance has also said Oracle’s ability to inspect TikTok’s source code before investing is akin to previous instances of U.S. companies such as Microsoft Corp sharing source code with Chinese technology experts.